A. International Health Profiles

International Health Rankings

Individual Country Profiles

  • The World Factbook (CIA)
    Detailed profiles for all countries of the world include a section on Population showing a) age structure; b) birth and death rates; c) infant mortality rates; d) life expectancy, by sex; and e) fertility rate, all estimates for 2000.
  • International Data Base (Bureau of the Census)
    1-page summary demographic data profiles for 227 countries of the world include 2000 and 2025 estimates of a) birth and death rates; b) life expectancy; c) infant death rates; d) fertility rate; e) midyear population by age and sex. Profiles also include midyear population estimates, by decade from 1950-2050. Site also offers individual country population pyramids (distribution by age/sex).
  • OECD Reviews of Health Systems. These are in-depth studies of the health system of member countries, with a particular focus on economic issues. They assess the performance of health systems in a comparative context, identify the main challenges faced by the country health system and put forward policy options to better meet them. Reviews are initiated at the request of the country to be examined and emphasis is placed on specific issues of key policy interest. To date, OECD has prepared these 100-page analyses for Finland, Korea, Mexico Switzerland, and Turkey.

Demographic/Labor Force Characteristics

  • International Data Base (Bureau of the Census)
    Downloadable data for 227 countries available for any level of aggregation selected by user for any year from 1950-2050. Regional totals and individual country breakdowns are provided: a) regional population, land area, population density; b) population by age intervals and sex (including median age); c) fertility rate; and d) vital events, including births/1,000, net migration/1,000 and population growth rate.
  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) population data (total population, 1980, 1999, 2015; average annual population growth 1980-1998, 199-2015; age dependency ratio; percent age 65+, 1998, 2015; women age 65+/100 men, 1998, 2015); b) rural area (rural population, rural population density, land area), c) population dynamics (see list); d) reproductive health (e.g., fertility, see list); e) labor force structure (see list); f) employment by type (see list); g) unemployment (see list); h) wages and productivity (see list); i) participation in education (see list); and j) education outcomes (e.g., adult illiteracy, see list).
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) total population by gender; b) fertility rates; c) dependency ratios (e.g., children per women age 15-49); d) population age structure; e) labor force characteristics; and f) education and training.

Economic Characteristics

  • Penn World Tables, Version 6.1
    Downloadable comparative data for most developed and underdeveloped countries in world from 1950-2000, including a) real GDP/capita; b) consumption/investment shares of GDP; c) price levels; and d) standard of living index.
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) macroeconomic characteristics (e.g., GDP, disposable income); b) public spending & debt; c) expenditures on education; d) monetary conversion rates (exchange rates and purchasing power parity); e) income distribution (Gini levels and income by decile); and f) poverty status.

Health Status/Burden of Illness

  • International Data Base (Bureau of the Census)
    Downloadable data for 227 countries available for any level of aggregation selected by user for any year from 1950-2050. Regional totals and individual country breakdowns are provided: a) vital events, including deaths/1,000; and b) mortality data, including infant mortality rate, total infant deaths, and life expectancy at birth.
  • Indicators on Health (UN)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) life expectancy at birth, by sex, 2000-2005; b) infant mortality rate, 2000-2005; and c) child mortality rates, by sex.
  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) mortality (life expectancy at birth, infant mortality, under 5 mortality, child mortality by gender, adult mortality by gender); b) reproductive health (maternal mortality); and c) risk factors for health (prevalence of anemia in pregnant women, low birthweight infants, TB incidence, TB prevalence, HIV prevalance).
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including mortality data on a) life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy (by sex and age); b) potential life-years lost due to selected conditions, c) mortality by 37 selected causes; and d) maternal and infant mortality; and morbidity data on a) infant health (including low birthweight, congenital anomalies)morbidity; b) self-rated health status; c) cancer incidence by sex; d) AIDS prevalence; e) dental health; f) injuries; g) absence from work due to illness; and h) direct cost of illness by major disease category.

Health Behavior/Lifestyle

  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) disease prevention (% pregnant women with tetanus vaccination, child immunization rates for DPT and measles); b) reproductive health (contraceptive prevalence rate); and c) health risk factors (prevalence of child malnutrition, consumption of iodized salt, prevalence of smoking); d) traffic and congestion (people injured.killed per 1000 vehicles).
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) food consumption and body weight; b) alcohol consumption; c) tobacco consumption; and d) injuries in road traffic accidents and injuries in home accidents.

Environment

  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) water pollution (see list); b) air pollution (see list); c) energy emissions (see list); d) Table 3.5 Freshwater (access to safe drinking water, urban and rural populations); and e) urban environment (% with sewage connection, % with regular waste collection, % with access to potable water).

Health Resources

  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) inpatient beds/1,000 population; b) inpatient beds by type (acute, psychiatric, long-term care); c) medical technology; d) health employment, by type (total health, total hospital, practising MDs/1,000, female practicising MDs, general practitioners, specialists, dentists, pharmacists and certified/registered nurses; and e) medical education and training by field.

Health Utilization

  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including Table 2.14 Health Expenditures, Services and Use (inpatient admission rate, average length of stay and outpatient visits per capita).
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) inpatient inputs (hospital staff ratios, occupancy rates); b) inpatient utilization rates; c) discharge rates, by disease and case-mix; d) average length of stay, by disease and case-mix; e) surgical procedures by ICD-CM and case-mix; f) transplants by type; g) ambulatory visits (doctors and dentists); and h) kidney dialysis use.

Health Expenditures

  • World Development Indicators (World Bank)
    Comparative data for all countries, including a) Table 2.14 Health Expenditures, Services and Use (total health spending as % of GDP, with separate breakdowns for public and private, health expenditures per capita in $PPP and health expenditures per capita in dollars); b) Table 4.11 Consumption in PPP (health % of household spending); c) Table 4.12 Relative Prices in PPP Terms (private consumption of health care).
  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) health spending % of GDP; b) national health expenditures, by type (total, prevention/public health, health administration/insurance, and health-related functions, including health R & D); b) public national health expenditures, by type (e.g., public percent of total health expenditures, total public expenditures on health); c) national health expenditures, by service (in-patient, out-patient, ancillary/home health, pharmaceuticals/non-durables, durable medical equipment); d) expenditure by age group; e) medical price index by type of service and f) direct cost of illness by type.

Pharmaceuticals

Health Financing/Reimbursement

  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) health care financing, by major source; b) flows of financing (e.g. social insurance contributions, taxes); c) medical services fees (13 services); and d) health professions incomes, by type (physicians, general practitioners; dentists; nurses; pharmacists).

Social Protection

  • OECD Health Data 2010 (CD-ROM order information)
    Comparative data for 30 OECD countries from 1960-2008, including a) social expenditures, by type (old age benefits, disability benefits, occupational injuries, sickness benefits, unemployment benefits, health benefits, housing benefits etc.); b) health coverage by type (total, inpatient, out-patient, pharmaceutical, therapeutic appliances); and c) health cost-sharing (total, inpatient, out-patient, pharmaceutical, therapeutic appliances).

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