PPACA & the Courts


Legal Briefs

  • Supreme Court of the U.S.. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Cases (March 26-28, 2012).  Lists live links to the orders, case filings, and other information pertaining to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act cases (includes petitions, briefs and reply briefs).
  • Department of Health and Human Services v. Florida. Docket No., 11-398 Anti-Injunction Act. Whether the suit brought by respondents to challenge the minimum coverage provisions of the Patent Protection and Affordable Act is barred by the Anti-Injunction Act 26 U.S.C. §7421(A).
  • Department of Health and Human Services v. Florida. Docket No., 11-398 (Minimum Coverage Provision). Beginning in 2014, the minimum coverage provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub. L. No. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119, amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, Pub. L. No. 111-152, 124 Stat. 1029, will require non-exempted individuals to maintain a minimum level of health insurance or pay a tax penalty. 26 U.S.C.A. 5000A. The question presented is whether Congress had the power under Article I of the Constitution to enact the minimum coverage provision.
  • Florida v. Department of Health and Human Services. Docket No. 11-400 (Medicaid). Does Congress exceed its enumerated powers and violate basic principles of federalism when it coerces States into accepting onerous conditions that it could not impose directly by threatening to withhold all federal funding under the single largest grant-in-aid program, or does the limitation on Congress’s spending power that this Court recognized in South Dakota v. Dole, 483 U.S. 203 (1987), no longer apply?
  • National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius and Florida v. Department of Health and Human ServicesDocket No., 11-393 and Docket No., 11-400.  The Eleventh Circuit and the Sixth Circuit now have issued directly conflicting final judgments about the facial constitutionality of the ACA’s mandate that virtually every individual American must obtain health insurance. 26 U.S.C. § 5000A. Moreover, despite the fact that the mandate is a “requirement” that Congress itself deemed “essential” to the Act’s new insurance regulations, 42 U.S.C. § 18091(a)(2)(I), the Eleventh Circuit held that the mandate is severable from the remainder of the Act. The question presented is whether the ACA must be invalidated in its entirety because it is non-severable from the individual mandate that exceeds Congress’ limited and enumerated powers under the Constitution.



Individual Mandate

Medicaid Coercion


  • aca litigation blog (Brad Joondeph, Professor of Law, Santa Clara University). A place to find news updates, legal analysis, and all official documents related to the states’ constitutional challenges to PPACA, including amicus curiae briefs filed by numerous individuals such as John Boehner and organizations such as the American Hospital Assocation.
  • Health Care Lawsuits (Independent Women’s Forum). This is a project of the Independent Women’s Forum, which is a nonprofit group dedicated to promoting the principles of economic liberty, free markets, and personal responsibility.
  • Kaiser Health News. Scoreboard: Tracking Health Law Court Challenges. KHN is tracking the status of 26 federal lawsuits seeking to overturn the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and will update those and other new cases on this page.
  • ObamaCare Watch, Legal Challenges has news related to PPACA court cases.

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